Using the ZF2 Router

zend-mvc provides a router implementation; for HTTP applications, the default used in ZF2 applications is Zend\Mvc\Router\Http\TreeRouteStack, which can compose a number of different routes of differing types in order to perform routing.

The ZF2 bridge we provide, Zend\Expressive\Router\ZendRouter, uses the TreeRouteStack, and injects Segment routes to it; these are in turn injected with Method routes, and a special "method not allowed" route at negative priority to enable us to distinguish between failure to match the path and failure to match the HTTP method.

If you instantiate it with no arguments, it will create an empty TreeRouteStack. Thus, the simplest way to start with this router is:

use Zend\Expressive\AppFactory;
use Zend\Expressive\Router\ZendRouter;

$app = AppFactory::create(null, new ZendRouter());

The TreeRouteStack offers some unique features:

To specify these, you need access to the underlying TreeRouteStack instance, however, and the RouterInterface does not provide an accessor!

The answer, then, is to use dependency injection. This can be done in two ways: programmatically, or via a factory to use in conjunction with your container instance.

Installing the ZF2 Router

To use the ZF2 router, you will need to install the zend-mvc router integration:

$ composer require zendframework/zend-expressive-zendrouter

Quick Start

At its simplest, you can instantiate a Zend\Expressive\Router\ZendRouter instance with no arguments; it will create the underlying zend-mvc routing objects required and compose them for you:

use Zend\Expressive\Router\ZendRouter;

$router = new ZendRouter();

Programmatic Creation

If you need greater control over the zend-mvc router setup and configuration, you can create the instances necessary and inject them into Zend\Expressive\Router\ZendRouter during instantiation.

use Zend\Expressive\AppFactory;
use Zend\Expressive\Router\ZendRouter as Zf2Bridge;
use Zend\Mvc\Router\Http\TreeRouteStack;

$zendRouter = new TreeRouteStack();
$zendRouter->addPrototypes(/* ... */);
$zendRouter->setBaseUrl(/* ... */);

$router = new Zf2Bridge($zendRouter);

// First argument is the container to use, if not using the default;
// second is the router.
$app = AppFactory::create(null, $router);

Piping the route middleware

As a reminder, you will need to ensure that middleware is piped in the order in which it needs to be executed; please see the section on "Controlling middleware execution order" in the piping documentation. This is particularly salient when defining routes before injecting the router in the application instance!

Factory-Driven Creation

We recommend using an Inversion of Control container for your applications; as such, in this section we will demonstrate two strategies for creating your zend-mvc router implementation.

Basic Router

If you don't need to provide any setup or configuration, you can simply instantiate and return an instance of Zend\Expressive\Router\ZendRouter for the service name Zend\Expressive\Router\RouterInterface.

A factory would look like this:

// in src/Application/Container/RouterFactory.php
namespace Application\Container;

use Psr\Container\ContainerInterface;
use Zend\Expressive\Router\ZendRouter;

class RouterFactory
{
    /**
     * @param ContainerInterface $container
     * @return ZendRouter
     */
    public function __invoke(ContainerInterface $container)
    {
        return new ZendRouter();
    }
}

You would register this with zend-servicemanager using:

$container->setFactory(
    'Zend\Expressive\Router\RouterInterface',
    'Application\Container\RouterFactory'
);

And in Pimple:

$pimple['Zend\Expressive\Router\RouterInterface'] = new Application\Container\RouterFactory();

For zend-servicemanager, you can omit the factory entirely, and register the class as an invokable:

$container->setInvokableClass(
    'Zend\Expressive\Router\RouterInterface',
    'Zend\Expressive\Router\ZendRouter'
);

Advanced Configuration

If you want to provide custom setup or configuration, you can do so. In this example, we will be defining two factories:

Sound difficult? It's not; we've essentially done it above already!

// in src/Application/Container/TreeRouteStackFactory.php:
namespace Application\Container;

use Psr\Container\ContainerInterface;
use Zend\Http\Mvc\Router\TreeRouteStack;

class TreeRouteStackFactory
{
    /**
     * @param ContainerInterface $container
     * @return TreeRouteStack
     */
    public function __invoke(ContainerInterface $container)
    {
        $router = new TreeRouteStack();
        $router->addPrototypes(/* ... */);
        $router->setBaseUrl(/* ... */);

        return $router;
    }
}

// in src/Application/Container/RouterFactory.php
namespace Application\Container;

use Psr\Container\ContainerInterface;
use Zend\Expressive\Router\ZendRouter as Zf2Bridge;

class RouterFactory
{
    /**
     * @param ContainerInterface $container
     * @return Zf2Bridge
     */
    public function __invoke(ContainerInterface $container)
    {
        return new Zf2Bridge($container->get('Zend\Mvc\Router\Http\TreeRouteStack'));
    }
}

From here, you will need to register your factories with your IoC container.

If you are using zend-servicemanager, this will look like:

// Programmatically:
use Zend\ServiceManager\ServiceManager;

$container = new ServiceManager();
$container->addFactory(
    'Zend\Mvc\Router\Http\TreeRouteStack',
    'Application\Container\TreeRouteStackFactory'
);
$container->addFactory(
    'Zend\Expressive\Router\RouterInterface',
    'Application\Container\RouterFactory'
);

// Alternately, via configuration:
return [
    'factories' => [
        'Zend\Mvc\Router\Http\TreeRouteStack' => 'Application\Container\TreeRouteStackFactory',
        'Zend\Expressive\Router\RouterInterface' => 'Application\Container\RouterFactory',
    ],
];

For Pimple, configuration looks like:

use Application\Container\TreeRouteStackFactory;
use Application\Container\ZfRouterFactory;
use Interop\Container\Pimple\PimpleInterop;

$container = new PimpleInterop();
$container['Zend\Mvc\Router\Http\TreeRouteStackFactory'] = new TreeRouteStackFactory();
$container['Zend\Expressive\Router\RouterInterface'] = new RouterFactory();