Changed Functionality

The following methods had changes in signatures.


In version 2, the signature of __construct() was:

__construct($identifiers = null)

where $identifiers could be a string, array of strings, or Traversable of strings.

Version 3 requires that the shared event manager be injected at instantiation, instead of via a setter. This also enforces the idea that identifiers have no semantic meaning without a shared event manager composed. As such, the constructor now has two arguments, with the first being the shared event manager:

__construct(SharedEventManagerInterface $sharedEvents, array $identifiers = [])

Finally, because we changed the signature of setIdentifiers() and addIdentifiers() to only accept arrays (see more below), we changed the $identifiers argument to only allow arrays.

EventManagerInterface::trigger() and triggerUntil()

In version 2, the signatures of trigger() and triggerUntil() are:

trigger($event, $target = null, $argv = [], $callback = null);
triggerUntil($event, $target = null, $argv = [], $callback = null);

The methods allow overloading essentially every argument:

The amount of overloading leads to:

In version 3, we changed the methods to have the following signatures:

trigger($event, $target = null, $argv = []);
triggerUntil(callable $callback, $event, $target = null, $argv = []);

with the following defintions:

In other words, each argument has exactly one possible type. $callback was moved to the start of the triggerUntil() method as it's required for that usage, and ensures the argument order stays predictable for the remaining arguments.

In order to accommodate other styles of usage, we added the following methods:

triggerUntil(callable $callback, $event, $target = null, $argv = []);
triggerEvent(EventInterface $event);
triggerEventUntil(callable $callback, EventInterface $event);

These allow the other primary use cases for trigger() in v2, but with discrete signatures.

Starting in version 2.6.0, you can use these three additional methods, as the EventManager instance defines them starting in that version. We recommend evaluating your code to see which of the four possible call styles you are using, and that you adapt your code to use one of the 4 discrete methods.

The following signatures, however, are no longer supported, and will need to be updated as illustrated:

// Event instance as second argument:
$events->trigger('foo', $event);

// Resolve by setting the event name prior to trigger:

// Event instance as third argument:
$events->trigger('foo', $this, $event);

// Resolve by setting the event name and target prior to trigger:

If you are using a callback to shortcircuit, use one of the *Until() methods, passing the callback as the first argument:

// Standard trigger:
$events->trigger('foo', $this, ['bar' => 'baz'], $criteria);

// becomes:
$events->triggerUntil($criteria, 'foo', $this, ['bar' => 'baz']);

// Triggering with an event:
$events->trigger($event, $criteria);

// becomes:
$events->triggerEventUntil($criteria, $event);

EventManagerInterface::attach() and detach()

In version 2, attach() and detach() had the following signatures:

attach($event, $callback = null, $priority = null);

with the following argument definitions:

Much like we did for the trigger*() methods, we simplified the signatures:

attach($event, callable $listener, $priority = 1);
detach(callable $listener, $event = null);


detach() adds the $event argument as the event argument for a couple of reasons. First, in version 2, the event was composed in the CallbackHandler, which meant it didn't need to be sent separately; since the event managers now store the listeners directly, you must pass the $event if you want to detach from a specific event. This leads to the second reason: by omitting the argument, you can now remove a listener from all events to which it is attached — a new capability for version 3.

In order to migrate to version 3, you will need to make a few changes to your application.

First, if you are attaching or detaching aggregate listeners using attach() and detach(), you should change such calls to instead pass the event manager to the relevant ListenerAggregateInterface method, as detailed in the removed functionality documentation. These methods have existed in all released versions, giving perfect forwards compatibility.

Second, if you are manually creating CallbackHandler instances to attach to an event manager, stop doing so, and attach the callable listener itself instead. This, too, is completely forwards compatible.

If you are passing CallbackHandler instances to detach(), you will need to make the following change after updating to version 3:

// This code:

// Will become:

In most cases, the callback handler you are storing is likely the result of calling attach() in the first place. Since attach() no longer creates a CallbackHandler instance, it instead simply returns the listener back to the caller. If you were storing this to pass later to detach() (such as in a listener aggregate), you will not need to make any changes when migrating.

EventManagerInterface::setEventClass() and setEventPrototype()

setEventClass() was renamed to setEventPrototype() and given a new signature; see the setEventClass() removal information for details.

EventManagerInterface::setIdentifiers() and addIdentifiers()

EventManagerInterface::setIdentifiers() and addIdentifiers() had a minor signature change. In version 2, the $identifiers argument allowed any of string, array, or Traversable. In version 3, only arrays are allowed.

Additionally, neither implements a fluent interface any longer; you cannot chain their calls.


Zend\EventManager\SharedEventManagerInterface::getListeners() has changed. The previous signature was:

getListeners($id, $event = null): false|Zend\Stdlib\PriorityQueue

Version 3 has the following signature:

getListeners(array $identifiers, $eventName) : array

The changes are:


The v2 signature of attach() was:

attach($id, $event, $callback, $priority = 1) : CallbackHandler|CallbackHandler[]


The v3 signature becomes:

attach($identifier, $eventName, callable $listener, $priority = 1) : void


Migration concerns are thus:

foreach ($identifiers as $id) {
    $sharedEvents->attach($id, $event, $listener);

array_walk($identifiers, function ($id) use ($listener) {
    $this->sharedEvents->attach($id, 'foo', $listener);


The v2 signature of detach() was:

detach($id, CallbackHandler $listener) : bool


The v3 signature becomes:

detach(callable $listener, $identifier = null, $eventName = null) : void


When not specifying an identifier, the method contract indicates it should remove the listener from any identifier; similarly, in the absence of an event argument, it should remove the listener from any event on the identifier(s). This allows for mass removal!

As the signatures differ, you will need to update any code calling detach() after upgrading to v3. At the minimum, you will need to swap the $identifier and $listener arguments, and pass the callable listener instead of a CallbackHandler instance. We also recommend auditing your code to determine if you want to be more or less specific when detaching the listener.


Zend\EventManager\ListenerAggregateInterface::attach() was updated to add an optional argument, $priority = 1. This codifies how the EventManager was already implemented.

Since PHP allows adding optional arguments to concrete implementations of abstract methods, you can forward-proof your existing ListenerAggregateInterface implementations by adding the argument.

As an example, if you define your method like this:

public function attach(EventManagerInterface $events)

Simply change it to this:

public function attach(EventManagerInterface $events, $priority = 1)

You do not need to do anything with the $priority argument, though we recommend passing it as a default value if you are not specifying a priority for any listeners you attach.

FilterInterface::attach() and detach()

Zend\EventManager\Filter\FilterInterface::attach() and detach() have changed signatures. The originals were:

attach($callback) : CallbackHandler
detach(CallbackHandler $callback) : bool

where $callback for attach() could be a callable or a CallbackHandler. The new signatures are:

attach(callable $callback) : void
detach(callable $filter) : bool

Typical usage in v2 was to capture the return value of attach() and pass it to detach(), as attach() would create a CallbackHandler for you to later pass to detach(). Since we can now pass the original callable argument to detach() now, you can cache that value instead.


Zend\EventManager\Filter\FilterIterator now defines/overrides the insert() method in order to validate the incoming value and ensure it is callable, raising an exception when it is not. This simplifies logic in FilterChain, as it no longer needs to check if a filter is callable at runtime.

The main migration change at this time is to know that an InvalidArgumentException will now be thrown when adding filters to a filter chain, vs at runtime.


Zend\EventManager\ResponseCollection::setStopped() no longer implements a fluent interface.