Using Twig

Twig is a template language and engine provided as a standalone component by SensioLabs. It provides:

  • Layout facilities.
  • Template inheritance.
  • Helpers for escaping, and the ability to provide custom helper extensions.

We provide a TemplateRendererInterface wrapper for Twig via Zend\Expressive\Twig\TwigRenderer.

Installing Twig

To use the Twig wrapper, you must first install the Twig integration:

$ composer require zendframework/zend-expressive-twigrenderer

Using the wrapper

If instantiated without arguments, Zend\Expressive\Twig\TwigRenderer will create an instance of the Twig engine, which it will then proxy to.

use Zend\Expressive\Twig\TwigRenderer;

$renderer = new TwigRenderer();

Alternately, you can instantiate and configure the engine yourself, and pass it to the Zend\Expressive\Twig\TwigRenderer constructor:

use Twig_Environment;
use Twig_Loader_Array;
use Zend\Expressive\Twig\TwigRenderer;

// Create the engine instance:
$loader = new Twig_Loader_Array(include 'config/templates.php');
$twig = new Twig_Environment($loader);

// Configure it:
$twig->addExtension(new CustomExtension());
$twig->loadExtension(new CustomExtension();

// Inject:
$renderer = new TwigRenderer($twig);

Included extensions and functions

The included Twig extension adds support for url generation. The extension is automatically activated if the UrlHelper and ServerUrlHelper are registered with the container.

The following template functions are exposed:

  • path: Render the relative path for a given route and parameters. If there is no route, it returns the current path.
{{ path('article_show', {'id': '3'}) }}
Generates: /article/3
  • url: Render the absolute url for a given route and parameters. If there is no route, it returns the current url.
{{ url('article_show', {'slug': 'article.slug'}) }}
Generates: http://example.com/article/article.slug
  • absolute_url: Render the absolute url from a given path. If the path is empty, it returns the current url.
{{ absolute_url('path/to/something') }}
Generates: http://example.com/path/to/something
  • asset Render an (optionally versioned) asset url.
{{ asset('path/to/asset/name.ext', version=3) }}
Generates: path/to/asset/name.ext?v=3

To get the absolute url for an asset:

{{ absolute_url(asset('path/to/asset/name.ext', version=3)) }}
Generates: http://example.com/path/to/asset/name.ext?v=3

Configuration

The following details configuration specific to Twig, as consumed by the TwigRendererFactory:

return [
    'templates' => [
        'extension' => 'file extension used by templates; defaults to html.twig',
        'paths' => [
            // namespace / path pairs
            //
            // Numeric namespaces imply the default/main namespace. Paths may be
            // strings or arrays of string paths to associate with the namespace.
        ],
    ],
    'twig' => [
        'cache_dir' => 'path to cached templates',
        'assets_url' => 'base URL for assets',
        'assets_version' => 'base version for assets',
        'extensions' => [
            // extension service names or instances
        ],
        'globals' => [
            // Global variables passed to twig templates
            'ga_tracking' => 'UA-XXXXX-X'
        ],
    ],
];

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