Zend\Hydrator\Filter

Hydrator filters allow you to manipulate the behavior of the extract() operation. This is especially useful, if you want to omit some internals (e.g. getServiceManager()) from the array representation.

It comes with a helpful Composite implementation, and several filters for common use cases. The filters are composed in the AbstractHydrator, so you can start using them immediately in any custom extensions you write that extend that class.

namespace Zend\Hydrator\Filter;

interface FilterInterface
{
    /**
     * Should return true, if the given filter does not match.
     */
    public function filter(string $property) : bool;
}

If it returns true, the key/value pairs will be in the extracted arrays - if it returns false, you'll not see them again.

Filter implementations

Zend\Hydrator\Filter\GetFilter

This filter is used in the ClassMethodsHydrator to decide which getters will be extracted. It checks if the key to extract starts with get or the object contains a method beginning with get (e.g., Zend\Foo\Bar::getFoo).

Zend\Hydrator\Filter\HasFilter

This filter is used in the ClassMethodsHydrator to decide which has methods will be extracted. It checks if the key to extract begins with has or the object contains a method beginning with has (e.g., Zend\Foo\Bar::hasFoo).

Zend\Hydrator\Filter\IsFilter

This filter is used in the ClassMethodsHydrator to decide which is methods will be extracted. It checks if the key to extract begins with is or the object contains a method beginning with is (e.g., Zend\Foo\Bar::isFoo).

Zend\Hydrator\Filter\MethodMatchFilter

This filter allows you to omit methods during extraction that match the condition defined in the composite. The name of the method is specified in the constructor of this filter; the second parameter decides whether to use white or blacklisting to decide (whitelisting retains only the matching method, blacklist omits any matching method). The default is blacklisting - pass false to change the behavior.

Zend\Hydrator\Filter\NumberOfParameterFilter

This filter is used in the ClassMethodsHydrator to check the number of parameters. By convention, the get, has and is methods do not get any parameters - but it may happen. You can add your own number of required parameters, simply add the number to the constructor. The default value is 0. If the method has more or fewer parameters than what the filter accepts, it will be omitted.

Use FilterComposite for complex filters

FilterComposite implements FilterInterface as well, so you can add it as a regular filter to the hydrator. One benefit of this implementation is that you can add the filters with a condition and accomplish complex requirements using different filters with different conditions. You can pass the following conditions to the 3rd parameter, when you add a filter:

Zend\Hydrator\Filter\FilterComposite::CONDITION_OR

At the given level of the composite, at least one filter set using CONDITION_OR must return true to extract the value.

Zend\Hydrator\Filter\FilterComposite::CONDITION_AND

At the given level of the composite, all filters set using CONDITION_AND must return true to extract the value.

FilterComposite Examples

To illustrate how conditions apply when composing filters, consider the following set of filters:

$composite = new FilterComposite();

$composite->addFilter('one', $condition1);
$composite->addFilter('two', $condition2);
$composite->addFilter('three', $condition3);
$composite->addFilter('four', $condition4, FilterComposite::CONDITION_AND);
$composite->addFilter('five', $condition5, FilterComposite::CONDITION_AND);

The above is roughly equivalent to the following conditional:

// This is what's happening internally
if (
     ($condition1
        || $condition2
        || $condition3
     ) && ($condition4
        && $condition5
     )
) {
    // do extraction
}

If you only have one condition block (e.g., only AND or OR filters), the other condition type will be completely ignored.

A bit more complex filter can look like this:

$composite = new FilterComposite();
$composite->addFilter(
    'servicemanager',
    new MethodMatchFilter('getServiceManager'),
    FilterComposite::CONDITION_AND
);
$composite->addFilter(
    'eventmanager',
    new MethodMatchFilter('getEventManager'),
    FilterComposite::CONDITION_AND
);

$hydrator->addFilter('excludes', $composite, FilterComposite::CONDITION_AND);

// Internal
if (( // default composite inside the ClassMethodsHydrator:
        ($getFilter
            || $hasFilter
            || $isFilter
        ) && (
            $numberOfParameterFilter
        )
   ) && ( // new composite, added to the one above
        $serviceManagerFilter
        && $eventManagerFilter
   )
) {
    // do extraction
}

If you perform this on the ClassMethodsHydrator, all getters will get extracted, except for getServiceManager() and getEventManager().

Using the provider interface

Zend\Hydrator\Filter\FilterProviderInterface allows you to configure the behavior of the hydrator inside your objects.

namespace Zend\Hydrator\Filter;

interface FilterProviderInterface
{
    /**
     * Provides a filter for hydration
     *
     * @return FilterInterface
     */
    public function getFilter();
}

(The getFilter() method is automatically excluded from extract().) If the extracted object implements the Zend\Hydrator\Filter\FilterProviderInterface, the returned FilterInterface instance can also be a FilterComposite.

For example:

Class Foo implements FilterProviderInterface
{
     public function getFoo()
     {
         return 'foo';
     }

     public function hasFoo()
     {
         return true;
     }

     public function getServiceManager()
     {
         return 'servicemanager';
     }

     public function getEventManager()
     {
         return 'eventmanager';
     }

     public function getFilter()
     {
         $composite = new FilterComposite();
         $composite->addFilter('get', new GetFilter());

         $exclusionComposite = new FilterComposite();
         $exclusionComposite->addFilter(
             'servicemanager',
             new MethodMatchFilter('getServiceManager'),
             FilterComposite::CONDITION_AND
             );
         $exclusionComposite->addFilter(
             'eventmanager',
             new MethodMatchFilter('getEventManager'),
             FilterComposite::CONDITION_AND
         );

         $composite->addFilter('excludes', $exclusionComposite, FilterComposite::CONDITION_AND);

         return $composite;
     }
}

$hydrator = new ClassMethodsHydrator(false);
$extractedArray = $hydrator->extract(new Foo());

$extractedArray will only have 'foo' => 'foo'; all other values are excluded from extraction.

Note

All pre-registered filters from the ClassMethodsHydrator hydrator are ignored when this interface is used. More on those methods below.

Filter-enabled hydrators and the composite filter

Hydrators can indicate they are filter-enabled by implementing Zend\Hydrator\Filter\FilterEnabledInterface:

namespace Zend\Hydrator\Filter;

interface FilterEnabledInterface extends FilterProviderInterface
{
    /**
     * Add a new filter to take care of what needs to be hydrated.
     * To exclude e.g. the method getServiceLocator:
     *
     * <code>
     * $composite->addFilter(
     *     "servicelocator",
     *     function ($property) {
     *         [$class, $method] = explode('::', $property, 2);
     *         return $method !== 'getServiceLocator';
     *     },
     *     FilterComposite::CONDITION_AND
     * );
     * </code>
     *
     * @param string $name Index in the composite
     * @param callable|FilterInterface $filter
     */
    public function addFilter(string $name, $filter, int $condition = FilterComposite::CONDITION_OR) : void;

    /**
     * Check whether a specific filter exists at key $name or not
     *
     * @param string $name Index in the composite
     */
    public function hasFilter(string $name) : bool;

    /**
     * Remove a filter from the composition.
     *
     * To not extract "has" methods, you simply need to unregister it
     *
     * <code>
     * $filterComposite->removeFilter('has');
     * </code>
     */
    public function removeFilter(string $name) : void;
}

Note that the interface extends FilterProviderInterface, which means it also includes the getFilter() method.

The FilterEnabledInterface makes the assumption that the class will be backed by a Zend\Hydrator\Filter\FilterComposite; the various addFilter(), hasFilter(), and removeFilter() methods are expected to proxy to a FilterComposite instance.

AbstractHydrator, on which all the hydrators shipped in this package are built, implements FilterEnabledInterface. Of the hydrators shipped, only one, ClassMethodsHydrator, defines any filters from the outset. Its constructor includes the following:

$this->filterComposite->addFilter('is', new IsFilter());
$this->filterComposite->addFilter('has', new HasFilter());
$this->filterComposite->addFilter('get', new GetFilter());
$this->filterComposite->addFilter(
    'parameter',
    new NumberOfParameterFilter(),
    FilterComposite::CONDITION_AND
);

Remove filters

If you want to tell a filter-enabled hydrator such as ClassMethodsHydrator not to extract methods that start with is, remove the related filter:

$hydrator = new ClassMethodsHydrator(false);
$hydrator->removeFilter('is');

After performing the above, the key/value pairs for is methods will no longer end up in your extracted array.

Add filters

You can add filters using the addFilter() method. Filters can either implement FilterInterface, or simply be PHP callables:

$hydrator->addFilter('len', function($property) {
    return strlen($property) === 3;
});

By default, every filter you add will be added with a conditional OR. If you want to add it with AND (such as the ClassMethodsHydrator does with its composed NumberOfParameterFilter, demonstrated above) provide the conditon as the third argument to addFilter:

$hydrator->addFilter('len', function($property) {
    return strlen($property) === 3;
}, FilterComposite::CONDITION_AND);

One common use case for filters is to omit getters for values that you do not want to represent, such as a service manager instance:

$hydrator->addFilter(
    'servicemanager',
    new MethodMatchFilter('getServiceManager'),
    FilterComposite::CONDITION_AND
);

The example above will exclude the getServiceManager() method and the servicemanager key from extraction, even if the get filter wants to add it.

Found a mistake or want to contribute to the documentation? Edit this page on GitHub!