Examples

The following is a list of common use-case examples for zend-permission-rbac.

Roles

Extending and adding roles via instantiation:

use Zend\Permissions\Rbac\Rbac;
use Zend\Permissions\Rbac\AbstractRole;

class MyRole extends AbstractRole
{
    // .. implementation
}

// Creating roles manually
$foo  = new MyRole('foo');

$rbac = new Rbac();
$rbac->addRole($foo);

var_dump($rbac->hasRole('foo')); // true

Adding roles directly to RBAC with the default Zend\Permission\Rbac\Role:

use Zend\Permissions\Rbac\Rbac;

$rbac = new Rbac();
$rbac->addRole('foo');

var_dump($rbac->hasRole('foo')); // true

Handling roles with children:

use Zend\Permissions\Rbac\Rbac;
use Zend\Permissions\Rbac\Role;

$rbac = new Rbac();
$foo  = new Role('foo');
$bar  = new Role('bar');

// 1 - Add a role with child role directly with instantiated classes.
$foo->addChild($bar);
$rbac->addRole($foo);

// 2 - Same as one, only via rbac container.
$rbac->addRole('boo', 'baz'); // baz is a parent of boo
$rbac->addRole('baz', ['out', 'of', 'roles']); // create several parents of baz

Permissions

use Zend\Permissions\Rbac\Rbac;
use Zend\Permissions\Rbac\Role;

$rbac = new Rbac();
$foo  = new Role('foo');
$foo->addPermission('bar');

var_dump($foo->hasPermission('bar')); // true

$rbac->addRole($foo);
$rbac->isGranted('foo', 'bar'); // true
$rbac->isGranted('foo', 'baz'); // false

$rbac->getRole('foo')->addPermission('baz');
$rbac->isGranted('foo', 'baz'); // true

Dynamic Assertions

Checking permission using isGranted() with a class implementing Zend\Permissions\Rbac\AssertionInterface:

use Zend\Permissions\Rbac\AssertionInterface;
use Zend\Permissions\Rbac\Rbac;

class AssertUserIdMatches implements AssertionInterface
{
    protected $userId;
    protected $article;

    public function __construct($userId)
    {
        $this->userId = $userId;
    }

    public function setArticle($article)
    {
        $this->article = $article;
    }

    public function assert(Rbac $rbac)
    {
        if (! $this->article) {
            return false;
        }

        return ($this->userId === $this->article->getUserId());
    }
}

// User is assigned the foo role with id 5
// News article belongs to userId 5
// Jazz article belongs to userId 6

$rbac = new Rbac();
$user = $mySessionObject->getUser();
$news = $articleService->getArticle(5);
$jazz = $articleService->getArticle(6);

$rbac->addRole($user->getRole());
$rbac->getRole($user->getRole())->addPermission('edit.article');

$assertion = new AssertUserIdMatches($user->getId());
$assertion->setArticle($news);

// true always - bad!
if ($rbac->isGranted($user->getRole(), 'edit.article')) {
    // hacks another user's article
}

// true for user id 5, because he belongs to write group and user id matches
if ($rbac->isGranted($user->getRole(), 'edit.article', $assertion)) {
    // edits his own article
}

$assertion->setArticle($jazz);

// false for user id 5
if ($rbac->isGranted($user->getRole(), 'edit.article', $assertion)) {
    // can not edit another user's article
}

Performing the same as above with a closure:

// assume same variables from previous example

$assertion = function($rbac) use ($user, $news) {
    return ($user->getId() === $news->getUserId());
};

// true
if ($rbac->isGranted($user->getRole(), 'edit.article', $assertion)) {
    // edits his own article
}