Problem Details Exceptions

If you are developing an API, it may be useful to raise exceptions from your business domain that contain all the information necessary to report problem details.

To facilitate this, we provide an interface, ProblemDetailsExceptionInterface:

namespace Zend\ProblemDetails\Exception;

use JsonSerializable;

interface ProblemDetailsExceptionInterface extends JsonSerializable
    public function getStatus() : int;

    public function getType() : string;

    public function getTitle() : string;

    public function getDetail() : string;

    public function getAdditionalData() : array;

    public function toArray() : array;

You may create exceptions that implement this interface. When such exceptions are passed to ProblemDetailsResponseFactory::createResponseFromThrowable(), these will pull the relevant details in order to create a Problem Details response.

To facilitate creating such exception types, we also ship the trait CommonProblemDetailsExceptionTrait. This trait defines the following properties:

  • $status
  • $detail
  • $title
  • $type
  • $additional

and implements each of the methods of the interface. This allows you as a developer to create implementations with either constructors or named constructors for generating exception instances.

As an example, if you wanted to create an exception type for providing transaction problem details, you might do so as follows:

use DomainException;
use Zend\ProblemDetails\Exception\CommonProblemDetailsExceptionTrait;
use Zend\ProblemDetails\Exception\ProblemDetailsExceptionInterface;

class TransactionException extends DomainException implements ProblemDetailsExceptionInterface
    use CommonProblemDetailsExceptionTrait;

    const STATUS = 403;
    const TYPE = '';
    const TITLE = 'You have insufficient funds to complete the transaction.';

    public static function create(int $needed, float $balance, string $account) : self
        $e = new self(sprintf(
            'Your transaction required %01.2f, but you only have %01.2f in your account',
        $e->status = self::STATUS;
        $e->type   = self::TYPE;
        $e->title  = self::TITLE;
        $e->additional = [
            'account' => $account,
            'balance' => $balance,

        return $e;

You might then raise the exception as follows:

throw TransactionException::create($price, $balance, $accountUri);

And it might result in the following:

    "status": 403,
    "type": "",
    "title": "You have insufficient funds to complete the transaction.",
    "detail": "Your transaction required 5.63, but you only have 1.37 in your account",
    "account": "",
    "balance": 1.37

The benefit to this approach is that you can easily provide domain-specific exceptions throughout your application that can, as a side-effect, be re-purposed immediately to provide problem details in your application.

Found a mistake or want to contribute to the documentation? Edit this page on GitHub!